Lessons in paid family leave from parents around the world
When Isra’a Hamdeh daughter was born in Amman, she went on maternity leave guaranteed to her by the nation of Jordan.
“The leave is for 70 days here in Jordan. It’s by law,” she says. “And you get paid for the full 70 days for the whole amount. By the government.”
Isra’a also lived in the U.S. for a while, where she gave birth to her son.
“Back in 2010, I had a job in California. The experience is completely different. I was working at that time in a retail store and it was hourly,” she says. “You work, get paid. Don’t work, you don’t get paid for that hour.”
But what are the proven benefits of parental leave?
“It leads to much lower infant mortality,” professor Jody Heymann says. “And we see more breastfeeding. We see lower infection rates.”
Today, On Point: About 180 countries have some sort of paid parental leave. We hear from moms around the world about how those nations made it work.
Isra’a Hamdeh, accountant with the real estate investment firm Near East Group.
Jody Heymann, director of UCLA’s WORLD Policy Analysis Center and a professor of public health. (@heymann_jody)
Find a map of maternity leave around the world here.
Dr. Raisa Renner, gynecological oncologist. She just returned to work last Friday after taking a four month maternity leave.
Tilde Bang-Kristensen, mother of a three-month old boy. Host of a morning radio show on Danish Public Radio called Morgenbeatet (Morning Beat).
Ayumi Takita, mother of a 23-month-old in Tokyo, Japan.
Show Highlights: Reflections on a young mom’s experience with paid parental leave in Japan
The United States, the richest country in the world, does not offer paid parental leave. But the story of parental leave looks a lot different in Japan. Ayumi Takita works for a nonprofit foundation in Tokyo, and she’s also a young mother. Below she shares her story:
AYUMI TAKITA: I am a mom of a 23-month-old girl. And I got pregnant in 2018, and I had my baby November 11, 2018.
MEGHNA CHAKRABARTI: Now in Japan, there is paid leave before and after the birth of the baby. The program has two components: maternity leave and child care leave. It adds up to a year of paid leave, although Ayumi didn’t take the full 52 weeks.
TAKITA: So in Japan, you can get the maternity leave six weeks before the due date, the expected due date. So my maternity leave started in the end of September. And after my birth, I can take eight weeks of maternity leave, as well. So I was off until the next January. Then also, I took the child care leave until this May.
CHAKRABARTI: And before she had her child, Ayumi used to travel to the United States for work, and she admired the American women she worked with.
TAKITA: I was in New York, I saw a lot of my colleagues in think-tanks or at universities who were pregnant … working until really close to the due date. And they come back to work a couple of weeks later, a couple of months later, I thought, I respected that. I respected the style of their working and I thought I would do that, too. I would come back soon. But actually, after my birth, I was like, Oh my God, I can’t work. I really didn’t have time. I didn’t have energy. So I felt fortunate that I can take longer maternity leave.
CHAKRABARTI: And Ayumi realized how valuable Japan’s paid National Family Leave program was to her family.
TAKITA: It was very important. It’s a relief that you have your income. Having a child cost you money and even if you are not working, you’re very busy taking care of your child, and the actual fact that you can get the allowance during that time was really a relief.
This article was originally published on WBUR.org.
Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.