Rescue Efforts Underway After Tsunami Hit Indonesia Without Warning
Updated at 10:40 a.m. ET Tuesday
Rescue crews are helping thousands of people who were injured or displaced after a tsunami struck the coasts of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia on Saturday night. Many residents did not receive any warning before the tsunami, which killed hundreds.
Volcanic activity on Indonesia's famous Anak Krakatau island triggered underwater landslides that caused the tsunami, officials say. Anak Krakatau emerged from the site of an 1883 eruption that killed tens of thousands of people and has drawn tourists from around the world.
At least 429 people have died, with 128 missing and nearly 1,500 wounded, according to an update from officials on Tuesday.
Crews continue to search for survivors while retrieving bodies from the wreckage with heavy machinery and their hands, Reuters reports.
The Red Cross has dispatched 22 ambulances and more than 100 volunteers to transport the injured. Blocked streets have hindered access to health centers in Pandeglang, on the island of Java, where Doctors Without Borders volunteers are helping to treat patients injured by the tsunami and falling rubble.
Indonesian President Joko Widodo arrived at the disaster zone on Monday, while members of the military and volunteers continue to search affected areas. Authorities have warned residents to stay away from beaches because of the risk of continued volcanic activity.
The #Krakatoa #tsunami is a traumatic event, especially for people who have the Lombok & Sulawesi earthquakes fresh in their minds. The #Indonesian Red Cross has expertise in psychosocial support, IFRC's Jan Gelfland tells @AJEnglish https://t.co/JLPTaIFQwa pic.twitter.com/8Djr1vnL4p— IFRC Asia Pacific (@IFRCAsiaPacific) December 24, 2018
The tsunami caught residents by surprise because the country's seismic activity detectors were not functioning properly, NPR's Anthony Kuhn reports. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for Indonesia's disaster management agency, acknowledged Indonesia's detection buoys have been dysfunctional since 2012 as a result of vandalism and budget issues, according to The Associated Press.
Kathy Mueller, a communications delegate with the Red Cross, was working in Indonesia when the tsunami hit — because of ongoing recovery efforts after a previous tsunami in September, which killed more than 1,700 people.
She says Saturday's tsunami affected Java's entire western coastline.
"There are a lot of communities we know ... have not yet been accessed," she told NPR's David Greene. "It's going to take some time before we get a fully clear picture of what the full extent of the damage is."
Flying over the crater of Anak #Krakatau yesterday afternoon— Christine M. Chan (@ChristineMCNA) December 24, 2018
Credit @susiair pic.twitter.com/U1Pe8Q7owD
The Indonesian Red Cross dispatched more than 117 volunteers to the affected area immediately after the disaster, Mueller says. They brought basic supplies, including blankets, clothes, food and water.
The tsunami struck Indonesia's two most populous islands. Proximity to the nation's capital, Jakarta, has facilitated the mobilization of volunteers, military and emergency personnel, compared to previous disasters.
Mueller adds that emergency respondents have become proficient at purifying drinking water since the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, which killed more than 200,000 people.
But she says three major disasters since the summer — massive earthquakes on the island of Lombok in July and again in August, followed by September's tsunami and earthquake on the island of Sulawesi — have taxed the country, even before the latest tsunami.
"People are a little bit tired now," she says.
On Sulawesi, thousands of residents still live in tented camps, according to Mueller.
Now this disaster has displaced 11,000 more people in Java and Sumatra, who are residing in government buildings and camping out in tents beside hospitals.
"A lot of them were holidaymakers," Kuhn says. "The government has tried to turn the western tip of Java into a new tourist destination to rival the island of Bali. But that effort has been suspended after this disaster."
Several of the dead were members of the local pop-rock band Seventeen, which was performing at a year-end party in Java when the tsunami struck, sweeping away performers and concertgoers.
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