The Thinking Man's Minimalist at 70
Today is a milestone birthday for the thinking man's minimalist: Steve Reich is 70. Forty years ago, an ingenious young man from New York City was thinking about sound and repetition in new ways. He took a snippet of speech (a recording of a preacher intoning the phrase "It's gonna rain"), looped it, phase-shifted it in layers over itself and transformed it into an oddly beautiful wash of sound.
For Reich, that experiment opened a door into a new form of expression in music that would eventually be tagged as "minimalism." It was also the gateway to what are now considered his masterpieces, such as the hypnotic "Music for 18 Musicians," featured on Phases, a new five-disc retrospective of Reich's music.
As a child, Reich rode trains from New York to Los Angeles and back, and later said that the constant chucka-chucka sound of the tracks gave him a feel for the pulsating rhythms that drive much of his music. That's partly what fuels the chugging, shifting, interlocking patterns in the pianos, clarinets, marimbas, xylophones, strings and voices in "Music for 18 Musicians," but the piece's more direct inspiration comes from West African drumming and Indonesian Gamelan music.
The hour-long piece is performed without pause, but Reich divides it up into 11 sections, flanked by an intro and outro labeled "Pulses." For maximum effect, the piece should be heard in its entirety, in order to capture the full complement of drama, color and urgency. But to dive right in, head straight for Section 6, where the patterns are as thick, colorful and confusing an exquisitely woven Persian carpet. The performance is by the composer himself, with a handpicked stable of loyalists.
Listen to yesterday's 'Song of the Day.'
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